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Wildlife Sanctuaries or National Parks In Odisha(Orissa)

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The ecological changes and environmental factors from region to region make Orissa`s wildlife as exciting as it is varied. It is also a major reason why so many important projects for the conservation of wildlife have met with so much success. The state of Orissa has dedicated around 4.1 percent of its total land area to the wild life protection drive.
Today, Orissa`s numerous sanctuaries, both large and small play a prominent role in the protection of wild life, while they also provide a great deal of pleasure to the wild life enthusiasts. Simlipal Tiger Reserve, Bhitarkanika, Gaharimatha, Nandankanan Zoological Park and Chilka Wildlife Sanctuary have established their names in the international map while Sunabeda, Kotgarh, Debrigarh, Baisipali and Hadgarh sanctuaries do excellent service to their wildlife inhabitants. As large tracts of land in the state have been dedicated towards the protection of wildlife the chances of human infringement in order to devastate the land areas have been reduced to a large extent.

Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary

Located 190 kms from Bhubaneswar and 160 kms from Cuttack, Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the most renowned sanctuaries in Odisha. Popular for its crocodiles and turtles, the sanctuary is spread over 650 sq kms and was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1975. Converted into a national park in 1998, to preserve the turtles; the sanctuary has a thick mangrove forest which is home to a number of endangered and migratory birds. Apart from reptiles, different types of mammals, birds, amphibians and fish are also found here. Out of 58 species of mangroves in India, 55 are available in Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary. Endangered animals like saltwater crocodiles can also be viewed in the sanctuary. Bhitarkanika also offers several rare mammals such as Hyena, Fishing Cat, Jungle Cat, Smooth Coated Otter, Civet, Indian Porcupine, Wild Boar, Spotted Deer and Sambar. The endangered Lesser Adjutant Stork also breeds here.

Chilika Wildlife Sanctuary

Located to the south west of Puri, covering a widespread area of 1100 sq kms, Chilika Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the most visited wildlife sanctuaries in Odisha. This wildlife sanctuary is home to various migratory and local birds such as Flamingo, White Bellied Sea Eagle, Brahminy Kite, Spotbilled Pelican, Barheaded Goose, Openbilled Stork, Spoonbill, Brahimny Duck, Wigeon, Pintail, Shoveller, Ibis, Stilt, Heron, Egret, Avocet, Gull, Tern and King Fisher etc. Apart from residents and migratory birds, Chilika Wildlife Sanctuary is also home to Blackbuck, Spotted Deer, Golden Jackals, Hyenas and many more. Rich in aquatic wildlife, this sanctuary houses Dolphin, Prawn, Crab, Limbless Lizard and Crustaceans. More than 225 species of fish including Acentrogobius Griseus, Alepes Djedaba, Arius and the Elops Machnata are also found here.

Nandankanan Wildlife Sanctuary

Popular as the 'Garden of Pleasure', Nandankanan Wildlife Sanctuary is set amidst Chandaka forests in Khurda, Odisha. Located 13 kms from Bhubneshwar, the wildlife sanctuary was established in 1979. A fusion of an animal zoo, a botanical garden, Kanjia Lake and an amusement park, Nandankanan wildlife sanctuary is known for housing 67 kinds of mammals, 18 varieties of reptiles and 81 species of birds.
Some of the endangered species such as Asiatic Lion, Three Indian Crocodilies, Sangal Liontailed Macaque, Nilgiri Langur, Indian Pangolin and Mouse Deer can be found at Nandankanan Wildlife Sanctuary. Tigers and White Gharials are the main inhabitants of the sanctuary.

Satkosia Gorge Wildlife Sanctuary

Spread over 796 square kilometers, Satkosia Gorge Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1976 in Odisha. Spread out in four districts of Odisha namely Angul, Budh, Cuttack and Nayagarh, Satkosia Gorge has an exclusive geomorphology feature as Mahanadi cuts it through the Eastern Ghats thus forming a wonderful gorge around 22 kms long.
The sanctuary is popular for its deciduous forests, dry deciduous forests and moist peninsular Sal forests. A varied array of fauna such as Tiger, Leopard, Elephant, Gaur, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Mouse Deer, Nilgai, Choushingha, Sloth Bear, and Wild Dog can be spotted here.

Sunabeda Wildlife Sanctuary

A proposed Tiger Reserve stands proudly in the newly constructed Nuapada district close to the boundary of Chhatisgarh state on the western fringe of Odisha. Eleven magnificent waterfalls, mystic caves at Ranimuhas, splendid archaeological sites at Giribaman, the firm fort of Jumlagarh and the bird observation points at Jalki and Raital Bandh in Maraguda are some of the major attraction sfor the tourists visiting this sanctuary.
Spread over a sprawling area of 600 sq kms, the sanctuary is an ideal habbitata for Barasingha. Declared as a Sanctuary in 1983, Sunabeda is home to 32 tigers and 36 leopards. Hyena, Barking Deer, Chital, Gaur, Sambar, Sloth Bear, Hill Myna, Pea Fowl, Partridge and a number of reptilian species also inhabit the sanctuary.

Simlipal National Park

Simlipal National Park is located at the center of Mayurbhanj district in the North-Eastern part of Odisha. It is situated at a distance of 250 km from Kolkata and 320 km from Bhubaneswar. Surrounded by deciduous trees and Sal forests, Simplipal National Park has 12 rivers running across it. Characterized by thick wooden slopes, ridges, luxuriant grassland and beautiful waterfalls; the park is nestled amidst picturesque hills. A wide array of plants as many as 501 species are housed at the park, out of which 82 species are of Orchids. The Park is a viable source for countless medicinal and aromatic plants also.


Chandka Elephant Reserve Orissa, a wildlife reserve lying in the north western fringe of Bhubaneswar in Orissa, is located on the Khurdha highlands of 'Eastern Ghats' biotic region. Spread over 193 sq km at the Chandaka forest, Khurda Uplands were designated as the elephant reserve in August 1982. Chandaka Elephant Sanctuary Orissa offers a full sense of wilder thrill and you get a unique experience very different from your day to day life. This offers full refreshment to your mind and body both.
The reserve is a home to a total of 30 varieties of mammals, 27 varieties of reptiles and 120 varieties of birds. You can also find here the species of elephant, leopard, chital, barking deer, mouse deer, langur, rhesus monkey, mongoose, sloth bear, wolf and hyena, among others. Apart from that, the varieties of snakes like the python and the monitor lizard are available here. Among others inhabitants here, are the Mugger crocodiles, water birds, mainly storks, heron, egrets and cormorants.
Kamarkhunti reservoir here in the forest is a breeding area for the Garganey and common teal, pin tail, white eyed Pochard, spot billed Duck and many others. You can find a wonderful sanctuary view from the watch towers at Kochilaberana, Pitagodia and Charichhak. The re-energized Chandaka forest reserve has gained much popularity among eco-tourists and nature researchers.


Baisipalli Wildlife Sanctuary Orissa, spread over 168.35 sq km entirely in Nayagarh district, makes a co-end with the Baisipalli Reserve Forest. Situated in the close proximity of the Satkosia Gorge Sanctuary, the Baisipalli Wildlife Sanctuary is lying in its south. The Baisipalli Wildlife Sanctuary provides you an opportunity to fill all the wild thrill of woodland in your life. Offering a full relaxation to your mind and body both, Baisipalli Wildlife Sanctuary Orissa delivers you the fine location to get relief from all the pains of the rest of the world.
The sanctuary has got its name from the 22 settlements existing within its span. The whole area has been constituted as the revenue villages. Being a part of the Deccan Peninsula Bio-geographical Zone, Eastern Plateau province and Eastern Ghat sub-division, the sanctuary is an ideal tourist destination. The sanctuary is blessed with a well-wooded hilly terrain, rendering abode to elephants, tigers, leopards, herbivores like Chousingha and water birds, and a few varieties of reptilian including Python and King cobra, among others. The tourists get recreational and educational facilities during their visit at the Deer Park at Kuanria lying in the outskirts of the sanctuary.